The great Navy Day Fleet Review held in the Hudson River off New York City, 27 October 1945.President Truman is down there on the battleship Missouri while the new brand-new, just commissioned that morning super-carrier, the 968-foot USS Franklin D. Roosevelt (CV-42) is clearly visible. To the left you see the Empire State Building and the 1940s Gotham skyline. Quite a bookend to Pearl Harbor
Yes that’s right, added to the ranks of countries with carriers to include the US, China, France, the UK (well, they are building two new ones anyway), and India is that internationally respected naval powerhouse of Angola. It is now the only African country to have ever owned a flatop.
According to Portuguese daily ECD, the former Spanish naval jump carrier ‘Príncipe de Asturias’ will be acquired by Angola. Not for scrapping, or to be a hotel or casino, but to perform as an aircraft carrier and flagship of their navy. The 16,000-ton ship, commissioned in 1988, was just retired by Spain nine months ago. It’s argueably the lowest mileage surplus aircraft carrier on the market today.
The ship would presumably operate helicopters as their are no VTOL fixed wing aircraft currently on the market. This could prove a problem for the Angolan navy as that service has no helicopters. However, the country’s air force does operate about 70 aging Soviet Hip and Hind choppers as well as a smattering of French Alouettes, Dauphins and Gazelles.
With the sale (and an agreed refurbishment by Spanish shipyards) the African country will also (complementarity) receive three lightly armed offshore patrol boats and an amphibious assault ship that had been removed from the Spanish Naval list. These include the P-27 Ízaro (300-ton, launched 1980) P -61 Chilreu (1900-ton, launched 1991), F-32 Diana (1200-ton, 1979), and the L-42 Pizarro (8500-ton, formerly the 1972-era USS Harlan County LST-1196). The country is awash in new oil money and is looking to put up a naval ‘keep off the grass’ sign.
Angola’s navy, the Marinha de Guerra, currently has just 1000 officers and men and consists of a dozen near-shore Osa and Shershen type Soviet PT/FAC boats. A couple small minesweepers and landing craft serve as its blue-water force while about forty small boats handle brown water. As the Príncipe de Asturias requires a 600-person crew irregardless of any embarked air crews, coughing up some experienced (non-national?) sailors who can operate gas turbines and NATO communications suites is going to be Angola’s challenge.
How would you like to be the Logistics guy for this navy?
Here at LSOZI, we are going to take out every Wednesday for a look at the old steam/diesel navies of the 1859-1946 time
period and will profile a different ship each week.
- Christopher Eger
Warship Wednesday November 27th 2013 One of the Best Tin Cans
On June 4, 1942, the pivotal day of the Battle of Midway, a group of new TBM Avenger torpedo bombers headed to the isolated atoll to improve the base’s security. These six planes from VT-8 included one 32-year old AM3 William Clare Lawe, who, along with
the crews of five other planes never reached Midway, jumped on the way by Japanese zeroes. Lawe received the posthumous
Distinguished Flying Cross and was set to have a new destroyer escort named after him. This ship, DE-313 was canceled before it could be commissioned so his name was given to another ship (DE-373) which was also canceled. Then it was finally bestowed to the new Gearing class destroyer DD-763, which you see above.
The Gearing class was the Cadillac of US Navy WWII-era destroyers. What was not to like? I mean they could steam at almost 37-knots, carried six rapid-fire 5-inch/38 caliber guns, 23 anti-aircraft guns, depth charges, and ten beautiful 21-inch torpedo tubes. Further, they had long legs, capable of steaming over 4500 miles between fill ups. The Navy asked for 156 of them and Congress paid for 99, of which the new USS William C Lawe was one.
She was laid down at Bethlehem Steel Co., San Francisco, California on 12 March 1944. When the war ended the next year, her completion was delayed and she did not get to see service until December 1946. This was baby may have been conceived during the Big One, but she didn’t get delivered until it was all over. Nevertheless, she had a very active life, and did a little bit of everything for nearly forty years.
The Lawe escorted President Harry S. Truman, joined a Deep Freeze task force to the polar regions, exercised often with NATO ships at sea, conducted midshipmen cruises, walked the picket line around Cuba during the Missile Crisis, and supported the invasion of the Dominican Republic in 1965. She also stood by in the very tense waters off Israel during the 1967 Six Day War and helped recover NASA’s Gemini IX and X space capsules.
The picture above shows a U.S. Navy McDonnell F-4B Phantom II armed with an AIM-7 Sparrow missile from Fighter Squadron VF-33 “Tarsiers” on the catapult of the aircraft carrier USS America (CVA-66). VF-33 was assigned to Carrier Air Wing 6 aboard the America for a deployment to the Mediterranean Sea from 10 January to 20 September 1967. In the background are the U.S. Navy Gearing-class destroyer USS William C. Lawe (DD-763), screening the carrier from the Soviet Kashin-class guided missile destroyer 381. This was during the tense standoff of the Arab-Israeli War.
By 1972 she was part of the gunline that floated just off the coast of North Vietnam, conducting hot and heavy naval gunfire support that included exchanging shots with NVA shore batteries and point-blank range. She received two battle stars for her Vietnam War service.
In 1978, as one of the smallest ships in the navy, she toured the Great Lakes, making stops in Ohio, Canada, and Michigan, in some places being the first US Navy warship to make port since WWII. US Navy recruiting posters of the time featured the ship and promised adventures.
The Lawe, along with her sister-ship USS Harold J. Ellison DD-864 (which was also named after a naval aviator who died during the Battle of Midway) were the last WWII-era destroyers of the Gearing class in US Naval service. They both were decommissioned 1 October 1983, replaced by much larger Spruance-class destroyers. While many of the Gearings went on to serve in other navies, (both Mexico and Taiwan still have a few that are nominally operational), the 37-year old Lawe never again left the US.
She sat in mothballs with the James River reserve fleet for sixteen more years until she was sunk as a target at sea 14 July 1999. Two of her sisters, USS Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. (DD-850) in Fall River, MA; and USS Orleck (DD-886) in Lake Charles, LA are maintained as museum ships.
Displacement: 2,616 tons standard; 3,460 tons full load
Length: 390.5 ft (119.0 m)
Beam: 40.9 ft (12.5 m)
Draft: 14.3 ft (4.4 m)
Propulsion: 2 shaft; General Electric steam turbines; 4 boilers; 60,000 shp
Speed: 36.8 knots (68.2 km/h)
Range: 4,500 nmi at 20 knots
(8,300 km at 37 km/h)
Complement: 350 as designed
6 × 5 in /38 cal guns (127 mm) (3×2)
12 × 40 mm Bofors AA guns (2×4 & 2×2)
11 × 20 mm Oerlikon cannons
2 × depth charge racks
6 x K-gun depth charge throwers
10 × 21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes
6 × 5 in/38 cal guns (127 mm) (in 3×2 Mk 38 DP mounts)
6 × 3 in/50 cal guns (76 mm) (2 x 2, 2 x 1)
2 x Hedgehog ASW weapons
1 × depth charge rack
6 x K-gun depth charge throwers
4 × 5 in/38 cal guns (127 mm) (in 2×2 Mk 38 DP mounts)
1 x ASROC 8-cell launcher
2 x triple Mark 32 torpedo tubes for Mark 44 torpedoes
1 x Drone Anti-Submarine Helicopter (DASH), removed by 1970
Variable Depth Sonar (VDS)
If you liked this column, please consider joining the International Naval Research Organization (INRO)
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The International Naval Research Organization is a non-profit corporation dedicated to the encouragement of the study of naval
vessels and their histories, principally in the era of iron and steel warships (about 1860 to date). Its purpose is to provide information and a means of contact for those interested in warships.
Nearing their 50th Anniversary, Warship International, the written tome of the INRO has published hundreds of articles, most of
which are unique in their sweep and subject.
I’m a member, so should you be!
Looking like 1944 is calling and sending an Essex class fleet carrier into a time warp, the newest Amphibious Assault Ship, PCU
USS America (LHA6) is on her builders trials.
“The amphibious assault ship America (LHA 6), built by Ingalls Shipbuilding in Pascagoula, MS, sails the Gulf of Mexico on
builder’s sea trials, Nov. 7-9, 2013″
Built without a floodable well dock like the 8 LHDs that came before her, or even the Tarawa class LHAs, the America is a strait
aviation-only ship. She’s similar in concept to the old 15,000-ton USS Iwo Jima (LPH-2) amphibious assault ships of the 1960s– just nearly three times as large.
The LHA6 class is optimized to operate a couple squadrons of the new F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, making the ship basically an aircraft carrier when not jam packed full of a Marine Battalion Landing Team and its attached MAU of helicopters and CV-22 aircraft. The Navy wants 11 of these to replace the LHAs and LHDs currently in service. This class investment means the F-35C variant *has* to be built as these ships would recover their fixed wing birds (AV-8, F-35, CV-22) by vertical landing only.
Lets compare 1944 with 2014
Essex class fleet carrier
- 36,960-ton full load
- 888-feet overall
- 147.5 feet of beam at widest point of deck (only 94 at the waterline)
- 27.5 feet max draft
- 150,000 shp to make 32.7kts at full speed/20,000 knot range at 15 on boiler-fired steam turbines
- 2170 ships crew, 870 airwing
- 90 WWII propeller driven aircraft, 40-modern jets in 1960s/70s.
America class LHA
- 45,693-ton full load
- 844 feet overall
- 106-feet of beam (at waterline, no figure for widest point of deck)
- 70,000 shp to make ’20+’ knots on gas turbines. Range undisclosed but thought to be 9500nm+ at 20kts.
- 1060 ships crew, upto 1600 marines or airwing embarked
- 22-31 modern aircraft
Still, this ‘ambib’ is a more capable aircraft carrier than just about any other ship outside of a NATO navy. It should be noted that
the only other purposely built warship named USS America ever completed was CV-66, commissioned in 1965 and decommissioned in 1996,– was a KittyHawk-class attack carrier.
I normally don’t endorse things. However I watched a halfway decent film online the other day. Entitled ‘Phantom‘ it is a recent film starring David Duchovny (Moulder from the X-Files) and Ed “Enemy at the Gates” Harris. Set on a Soviet diesel ballistic missile submarine it is a different take on the K-129 incident with some very Americanized cliché Red October elements.
The acting is OK, the plot and script is kinda sketchy, but the real star is the sub!
Within about the first ten minutes you can tell that the interior shots of the submarine looked too good, too 1960s clunky Russian
with too much of worn-in quality to the boat to be faked. I thought at first that it was filmed based on the myriad of old US submarines around with a few Russian signs hung up, but the thing is, everything from the placards on the torpedo tubes to the
switches on the battle lanterns was stone cold CCCP.
So I did some digging..
It turns out about 80 percent of the movie was shot aboard the former Soviet B-39 attack submarine owned by the Maritime Museum of San Diego. The 1967-built Foxtrot-class (Project 641) submarine has been moored in the bay along Harbor Drive since 2004. The crew spent three weeks aboard the sub, filming with advanced lightweight (4-pound) cameras, making it perhaps the first theatrical submarine film shot mostly on a submarine, rather than on a sound stage made to *look* like a submarine. Before her role as a movie stage, she served on active duty in the Soviet Navy for nearly thirty years. At 294-feet, she is about the size of an US Navy WWII fleet sub, but with a 20,000 nm range.
Even if you aren’t a fan of slightly far-fetched Red October rehash, it’s a great 90-minute working tour of a Soviet Foxtrot diesel
boat. And if you have Netflix, its streaming for free. If you are a torrent person, then you have your own ways.
Back in the early 1970s, the US Navy needed a replacement for the old FRAM’d WWII era Sumner and Gearing leftovers from the 1940s and 50s in the fleet. These were small, 3500-4000 ton ships that carried a 8-cell ASROC launcher, 4 5-inch/58 guns in twin mounts, and two triple Mk32 ASW torpedo launchers. They were sitting ducks to anti-ship missiles, could not carry helicopters, and packed almost 400 sailors into a tin can made to all the best specs of 1942.
To replace these old boats, the Spruance class, a mighty 31 destroyers, were built between 1972-1983, all at Ingalls shipbuilding in Pascagoula. As a kid I used to sit at the old Point on Beach Boulevard and watch these sleek 563-foot long greyhounds birthed for Poseidon’s fox hunts.
They were called the “Love Boats” back then, since they were the size of WWII light cruisers (8000-tons), yet only carried a pair of 5-inch guns (Mk45 rapid fire jobs that provided more firepower than twice as many of the old Sumner‘s 5-inch/58s), twin triple ASW tubes, and an 8-cell ASROC launcher. In their defense, most were funded by the bankrupt Carter military and their armament suite was superior to the destroyers they were supposed to replace. In addition, they had a twin helicopter hangar that could support a pair of sub-busting choppers, a battle implement that the WWII destroyers never dreamed of.
Over the 1980s and 90s, they were increasingly armed with other weapons systems. Some 24 ships of the class swapped out their ASROC launcher for a 61-cell Mk41 VLS system like on the Ticonderoga class cruisers (which were based on the Spruances hull). All ships also gained an 8-pack of Harpoon SSMs, a 8-cell NATO Sea Sparrow SAM launcher (also capable of being used against surface ships), and a pair of 20mm CIWS R2D2 guns for swatting away incoming missiles. Ten more of these had a 21 cell RIM-116 Rolling Airframe Missile launcher mounted on the starboard fantail to further protect these ships from more modern anti-ship missiles. Several of those that weren’t converted to VLS were given quadruple ABL Mark 43 Tomahawk missile launchers like on the recommissioned Iowa class battleships.
They proved the backbone of fleet operations throughout the last decade of the Cold War, the sordid engagements in the Persian Gulf, and the Navy’s part in the war on drugs. Their long legs (6000+ nm at 20 knots on two turbines), allowed them to self-deploy away from the battle group and a lot of the flag waving done in foreign ports during the Regan-Bush-Clinton years was done by Spruances operating alone.
Then, starting in 1998, these hardy destroyers that were at the top of their game, began to retire.
When the Spruance‘s left the Navy, they took with them 1494 Mk41 VLS cells which carried mainly Tomahawk cruise missiles along with a smattering of ASROC subbusters. They also faded away with 62 5-inch guns, 62 CIWS guns, 249 Harpoon anti-ship missile launch spots, 62 LAMPS helicopter hangar spots, 249 Sea Sparrow missile launcher cells, 210 RAM missile cells, and 186 Mk32 ASW Torpedo tubes. Those 7 hulls that were not equipped with VLS retained their ASROC launchers which gave the fleet another 56 of those weapons.
In 1989, the US Navy had 63 Knox/Brooke/Garcia-class frigates, 51 OHP type guided missile frigates, 31 Spruances, 4 Kidd-Class DDGs (Mk-26/SM-2 armed Spurances) 27 Ticonderoga class CGs, 23 older Charles Adams-class DDGs, 10 Farragut-class DDGs, six nuclear CGNs, 19 Belknap/Truxtun/Leheay-class CGs, four huge Iowa-class Battleships, and the 15,000-ton cruiser Long Beach as large surface combatants. This is a total of 239 surface warships capable of blue water operations.
Today they have in commission: 22 remaining Ticos, 12 OHPs (that are largely disarmed and rapidly retiring), 4 (unproven) LCS’s, and 62 Burke class destroyers, the first of which was laid down on 16 September 1989. That’s an even 100-ships, or a reduction by about 58% from the late 1980s. Granted, the US Navy doesn’t have to go to war with the Soviets anymore ala-Red Storm Rising, but there is still a global need for surface combatants from the South China Sea to the HOA to the Med and the Persian Gulf. A hundred surface ships cant be everywhere at once.
You can argue that the 96-cell VLS equipped DDG-51 class destroyers replaced the Spru-cans, DDGs and retired CGs on a 2:3 basis, but the DDG-51 lacked the extra 5-inch mount, and, in early models, the aircraft capability. Instead of being crammed full of TLAMs, these new DDGs have to allocate most of their space to carrying surface to air missiles. Further, the ’51s are tasked increasingly with fleet air defense and (now) with ABM missions. All the while thier ASW, ASuW, and NGFS capability is being marginalized. Yes, the 51′s replaced the Spurances and the 1970s vintage CGNs of the South Carolina and Virgina-class in so much as AAW is concerned, but they did not fully replace their capability in ASW and NGFS. The Spruances, unlike the Burkes, were dedicated to ASW, ASuW, and land strike with both naval gunfire and cruise missiles. With the Burkes, its a side-job.
Surely the Spurances would now be long in the teeth, ranging from the 1975-commisoned DD-963 to the 1983-dated DD-997, they would all be over thirty years old. However the Ticonderoga-class cruisers are roughly the same age. In fact they use the same hull and below-deck machinery. In 2003, the newer 22 of the 27 ships (CG-52 to CG-73) in that class were upgraded to keep them combat-relevant, giving the ships a service life of at least 35 years each. Had a similar mechanical upgrade been given to the 24-VLS equipped Spurances, they would all still be in service. In fact, given that time line, DD-997 would only be expected to decommission in 2018. More on this ship below.
Instead, all 31 Spruances were rapidly decommissioned and mothballed between 1998 and 2005, when the ships were all in their 20′s. Instead of being refirbed to serve another decade or two, they were stricken from the Navy List. No sooner were they stricken then they were systematically sunk in a series of fleet training exercises, dismantled, or otherwise scrapped.
It can be guessed that since they were too close in design to the still very active Tico class cruisers, they were too sensitive to give away as military aid to the likes of Pakistan, Mexico, or Colombia. Just one of their number, the former USS Paul Foster, remains. She has been in use since 2004 as an unnamed and non-commissioned test ship for the US Navy as the Self Defense Test Ship (SDTS). In this role she is a remote control drone boat, used as a hard target for new weapons systems.
And so goes another wasted opportunity.
Coast Guard Medevacs Injured Navy Sailor from Submarine. Courtesy Video | U.S. Coast Guard District 11 PADET San Diego | Date: 10.11.2013. SAN DIEGO – An aircrew from U.S. Coast Guard Sector San Diego approaches a submarine to medevac an injured Navy sailor 160 miles west of San Diego, Oct. 11, 2013. The 22-year-old man was transported to San Diego and transferred to emergency medical personnel for further care. U.S. Coast Guard video by Sector San Diego.
Here at LSOZI, we are going to take out every Wednesday for a look at the old steam/diesel navies of the 1859-1946 time period and will profile a different ship each week.
- Christopher Eger
Warship Wednesday November 6th Farragut’s G Ride
Here we see the 225-foot long 40-gun screw sloop of war USS Hartford as she appeared in 1862 when leading the US fleet under the command of Flag Officer (Admiral) David G Farragut up the Mississippi River. The Hartford is the tall ship in the center, mixing it up with a rag-tag group of rebel ships in the night as she steams upriver past Forts Jackson and St Phillips at the far left and right. The ship alongside is the Confederate ironclad CSS Manasass that was too slow to keep up with the swift Hartford. This is a photograph of the classic painting by Julian Oliver Davidson entitled “Capture of New Orleans by Union Flag Officer David G Farragut“.
Built at Boston Naval Yard, Hartford was commissioned 27 May 1859. A powerful ship, she carried 20 impressive 9-inch Dahlgren guns another twenty 20-pdr rifles, and a few 12-pounders that could be landed ashore. Her 300 man crew could fight, land up to 100 person naval party ashore for raids, and steam the sloop with her combined coal-fired boiler driven screw powered by two horizontal double piston-rod engines coupled with a sail rig at speeds over 13-knots. With her range virtually unlimited due to her hybrid propulsion, she spent the first two years of her life sailing the Orient and Africa, showing the flag.
When the Civil War broke out, Hartford was recalled home and arrived in Philadelphia by the end of 1861. After a short refit she was placed under the command of Farragut who used her as the flag-ship for his West Gulf Blockading Squadron. On April 24, 1862, Hartford hung a red lantern on her mast in the darkness of predawn and led the ships of the squadron up the heavily defended Mississippi River, deep into Confederate history. Forcing the river mouth as seen in the painting above, the Hartford arrived in New Orleans the next day and started the task of cutting the Confederacy in two. This was finally accomplished in July 1863 after the Vicksburg campaign, in which Hartford remained as flagship. During the campaign the ship suffered much damage from shore batteries, snipers, and fire-barges, even having about a quarter of her above-water hull charred black.
Then on 5 August 1864, the ship again led the fleet into the hell that was Mobile Bay. Secured by Fort Gaines at Dauphin Island to the East and Fort Morgan on Gulf Shores to the West, the Bay itself was strewn with submarines, naval mines (called torpedoes), the ironclad warship CSS Tennessee, and other fears. With the fleet at risk, Farragut lashed himself to the masts of Hartford and directed the fleet from the rigging with his force of will and a megaphone.
When the monitor USS Tecumseh blew up, rolled over, and sank in the muck of Mobile Bay, the fleet began to falter. It was believed that the new warship had struck and been holed by a rebel torpedo. Then came Farragut’s cry of “Damn the Torpedoes, full speed ahead.”. At that, the Bay entrance was passed, leaving the Forts to fall from infantry assaults from their landward sides, and Mobile closed for business to blockade runners.
After the Civil War, the Hartford was sent to the Pacific, becoming the head of the new Asiatic Squadron. She would spend the next 34 years on the West Coast between China and California, with stops at virtually every port in between. In 1880, she was given the barely used twin non-condensing back-acting steam engines of the scrapped Milwaukee-class river monitor USS Keywadin, which doubled her power plant. Her original bronze screw was replaced by a new one, but the Navy did not throw this old prop away. We’ll get to that later.
The Hartford was one of the few Civil War era ships that the Navy maintained into the 20th Century. Remember, by 1865 the US fleet had swollen to where it was arguably the largest and most modern in the world, with more than 671 ships including the most up to date collection of all-gun, all-armored, steam ships. However the nation soon divested itself of more than 90% of its naval list within a decade. Even though she was not the most modern in the fleet, Hartford, famous for her time with Farragut and capable of miserly travels on her sail suite, was retained not only on the list but in active service while her would-be replacements were broken up for scrap.
By the dawn of the 20th Century, the old screw frigate was over forty years at sea but was still at service. Rebuilt and sent to the East Coast, she spent twelve years from 1899-1912 as the unarmed seagoing training ship for Naval Academy midshipmen as well as new bluejackets and goats. Although the ship was almost all original above deck, her Civil War era engines had been replaced by a pair of modern 1000-hp compound engines coupled to their own boilers. The did still turn the same single screw installed in 1880 however and would for another half century.
With the Navy moving from sail and coal to oil, she found herself a solid anachronism and by 1913 was reduced to a dockside receiving and barracks ship in Charleston South Carolina, moored just a mile from Fort Sumter, as two bookends to Civil War that had happened more than fifty years before. There she endured World War One, still in commission and serving as a floating headquarters for the local Naval District. In 1928 she was decommissioned, having given 69 years of famous service. The Navy held on to her as floating equipment without either masts or engines, giving her the official hull number of IX13. She was towed first to Washington Naval Yard in 1938, then to Norfolk in 1945, with the ultimate goal of turning her into a floating and restored museum alongside the old USS Olympia, Dewey’s flagship during the Battle of Manila Bay. During this time she was largely gutted and her hull repaired in preparation.
This was not to be and the mighty old warship eventually filled slowly with water over time and settled on the harbor in 1956. She was raised and scrapped the next year, not feasible of being repaired. Still a marked piece of naval history, hundreds of relics from the old girl were salvaged. This puts her as one of the most visit-able ships that does not exist in the country as parts of her are scattered from coast to coast to coast.
Her bow figurehead is at her namesake city of Hartford Connecticut at the State Capitol while her ship’s bell is in the clock tower there. One of her anchors is across town at the University of Hartford while two of her Dahlgren guns are at Trinity College in town.
At Mobile, where Farragut damned the torpedoes, one of her anchors is on display in the center parade ground of Fort Gaines, which had fired shots at her in the Battle of Mobile Bay. Inside the museum there is a brass deckplate that the Admiral walked upon.
The ships capstan is in a place of honor at the Farragut Naval Academy at St Petersburg Florida while a hatch-cover is used as a coffee table in the Superintendents Office at Annapolis.
Her Civil War-era cannon were removed in a refit in 1887 and sold to Bannerman’s in New York for their value as scrap. Instead of torching them, Bannerman sold them for a slight profit to veterans groups and villages who wanted a tie to the past. A few of these guns were still listed in that company’s catalog as late as the 1940s. Several of these guns, at least 14, are preserved on city greens, town halls, and museums across the country from New York to Maryland to Michigan to California. It is believed that some of these were used to build a breakwater on Bannerman’s Island, where they can still be seen today.
Her wheel and fife rail are at the Museum of the Navy in Washington DC and other relics are found all around the Washington Naval Yard while her billethead is in nearby Newport News as the Mariner’s Museum. Finally, the bronze used to create the statue of Farragut in downtown Washington DC, was drawn from the ships screw that was removed in 1880.
In effect, Farragut will be a part of the Hartford forever.
Displacement: 2,900 long tons (2,947 t)
Length: 225 ft (69 m)
Beam: 44 ft (13 m)
Draft: 17 ft 2 in (5.23 m)
Propulsion: Steam engine and Sails, changed several times from 1859 to 1899.
Speed: 13.5 knots (25.0 km/h; 15.5 mph)
Complement: 310 officers and enlisted
(Commissioned to 1863)
twenty 9″ Dahlgren smoothbores
twenty 20-pdr muzzle loading rifles
one or two 12-pdr
twenty-four 9″ Dahlgren smoothbores
one 45-pdr muzzle loading rifle
two 30-pdr muzzle loading rifles
one 100-pdr muzzle loading rifle
eighteen 9″ Dahlgren smoothbores
one 30-pdr muzzle loading rifle
three 13-pdr howitzers
ship’s small arm locker and a few small deck mounted guns (57mm 6-pdrs) for training until 1912.
If you liked this column, please consider joining the International Naval Research Organization (INRO)
They are possibly one of the best sources of naval lore http://www.warship.org/naval.htm
The International Naval Research Organization is a non-profit corporation dedicated to the encouragement of the study of naval vessels and their histories, principally in the era of iron and steel warships (about 1860 to date). Its purpose is to provide information and a means of contact for those interested in warships.
Nearing their 50th Anniversary, Warship International, the written tome of the INRO has published hundreds of articles, most of which are unique in their sweep and subject.
I’m a member, so should you be!
The PCU USS Gerald R. Ford is now in the water, having had her immense dry dock filled this week at the builder’s yard. CVN-78 is to be the lead ship of its class of United States Navy super-carriers. When finished in 2016 she will be 112,000 tons and over 1100 feet long, making her the largest warship ever completed.
She will fill the hole left in the fleet when USS Enterprise (CVN-65) decommissioned without replacement last year.
Congratulations US Navy, you have the first new floating tumblehome hull battleship since the Battle of Tsushima in 1905!
October 28th, 2013, — The 87% complete Zumwalt-class guided-missile destroyer PCU USS Zumwalt (DDG 1000) is floated out of dry dock at the General Dynamics Bath Iron Works shipyard. The ship, the first of three Zumwalt-class destroyers, will provide independent forward presence and deterrence, support special operations forces and operate as part of joint and combined expeditionary forces. The lead ship and class are named in honor of former Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Elmo R. “Bud” Zumwalt Jr., who served as chief of naval operations from 1970-1974. (U.S. Navy photo courtesy of General Dynamics/Released)
Above is not the Zumwalt but the 12,300-ton (only 700-tons lighter than the Mighty Z-boat!) French battleship Charles Martel with her tumblehome hull. Construction date: 1891. Incidentally, the great graveyard of tumblehome battleships is in the waters between Japan and China. There in May of 1905, an upstart Asian naval force with borrowed technology sank a modern European one and made it look simple.
Now if the the US Navy can just get the magic guns to work on their new 13,000 ton ‘destroyer’ that has 20% fewer VLS cells than the current 1980s technology Burke class destroyers, and 40% fewer cells than the 1970s technology Ticonderoga-class cruisers in a larger hull, things will start to look a lot better and less like 1905.