Runways are overrated
Meet ZELL– short for Zero-length Launch, a kind of Will-e-coyote strapped to a rocket way of launching a jet from the back of a truck.
“Program began with a launch of an F-84G in 1955. Each test utilized a USAF fighter mounted on the back of a flatbed truck and had a rocket motor attached to the airframe. The footage in the clip took place in Indian Springs, Nevada in 1958 when an F-100 was used.”
Then of course, in the 1960’s there was the Marine Corps’ Short Airfield for Tactical Support (SATS), which used a jet turbine powered trackless catapult to sling A-4s and A-7s down a short improvised runway that could be set up in a snap and doesn’t look to have more than a few hundred failure points.