The multi-role Panavia Tornado– of which some 992 aircraft were built in three variants (air defense, strike, and EW/recce) for the RAF, Luftwaffe/Marineflieger, Aeronautica Militare, and Royal Saudi Air Force– first flew in 1974 and was a Cold War icon.
However, out of production since 1998, these sexy variable-sweep wing aircraft are now aging and, increasingly, being put to pasture.
The Germans have been whittling their fleet down since the Berlin Wall fell (and took the naval birds down almost immediately) while they currently plan to decommission the last strike units flying the bird in 2025. The Italians have 62 of 100 they received and are adding Typhoons and F35s to the force over the next decade to eliminate those.
The RAF, in whose service the bird was nicknamed the “Tonka” for its ability to carry truckloads of bombs during the Gulf War and strikes over Bosnia, has completed their last combat missions for the big strike fighter, as it is on its last days with the Brits.
On the 31st of January 2019, the RAF operated the final operational sortie of the Tornado GR4. The aircraft (ZA601/066 and ZA542/035) took off from RAF Akrotiri in Cyprus.
After almost 40 years serving the UK on military operations across the world, iconic RAF Tornado jets has returned home for the last time.
First entering service in 1979, the fast jets has been used in operations across the world, most recently bombarding Daesh to push the terrorist group back through Syria and Iraq.
The weapons capabilities of the soon-to-retire Tornados are now being delivered by RAF Typhoon jets, which will continue to take a leading role in the Coalition’s mission against Daesh. Under ‘Project Centurion’, worth £425million over the past three years, the Typhoon can now also launch the world-leading Meteor air-to-air missile, the Stormshadow deep strike cruise missile and the precision attack missile Brimstone.
These improved RAF Typhoon jets will form the backbone of the UK’s combat air fleet, alongside the recently introduced new fleet of F-35 Lighting jets over the coming years.
The last to fly the Tornado is likely to be the Royal Saudi Airforce, who still have 81 IDS variants in service, many of which are over Yemen at any given time. Although F-15S/SA Strike Eagles will likely replace them, don’t count on the Saudi’s to sideline these reliable sluggers until after the whole Yemen thing stops being a thing– which is no time soon.
The MoD has released that the MBDA Stormshadow cruise missile has been used effectively in combat for the first time in combat against ISIS, dropped from Cyrpus-based Tonkas.
Debuted in 2002, the 2,800-lb long range (300nm) air to surface missile is based on the legacy Apache anti-runway missile and the UK purchased 900 of the weapons. Rather than the submunitions of the Apache, Stormshadow has a 990-lb. two-stage warhead is made up from an initial shaped charge, which cuts a passage through armor, concrete, earth, etc., allowing a larger following warhead to penetrate inside the target.
In short, it’s a good standoff bunker buster.
The only other combat use by RAF has been by Panavia GR4 Tornadoes of No. 617 Squadron in the 2003 invasion of Iraq where 27 of the cruise missiles were used against hardened command and control bunkers.
Since then the French have used them in Syria while the Italians broke theirs out in Libya. It is also believed that the Gulf States (who between Saudi Arabia, Qatar and the UAE bought over a 1,200 of the devices) have used them sparingly in Yemen.
From this week’s release :
Intelligence had determined that Daesh were using a large concrete bunker in western Iraq as a weapons facility. Due to the massive construction, built during the Saddam era, it was decided to use four Stormshadow missiles against it, as the weapon has particularly good capabilities against such a challenging target. The missiles were launched on Sunday 26 June by two Tornados, all four Stormshadows scored direct hits and penetrated deep within the bunker.